The Family of Geoffrey Pole

by William Addams Reitwiesner

Geoffrey Pole, of Medmenham, Buckinghamshire (d. 1479), a Welshman in the service of Henry VI, married, firstly, Edith St. John, a daughter of Oliver St. John of Bletsoe, by his wife Margaret Beauchamp, later Duchess of Somerset. Geoffrey Pole was thus, by marriage, an uncle of Henry VII. The only surviving son of Geoffrey and Edith (St. John) Pole was Sir Richard Pole, who was married to Margaret Plantaganet, Countess of Salisbury (only surviving child of George, Duke of Clarence and niece of Edward IV and Richard III), by whom Sir Richard had four children, the youngest of which was Reginald Cardinal Pole, Archbishop of Canterbury, and the eldest of which was Henry Pole, created Lord Montagu. The descendants of Margaret and Sir Richard are traced in the "Clarence" volume of The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal by "The Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval" [1905].

Geoffrey Pole appears in WG2 at Gwenwys 2 (B). Other places where Geoffrey's ancestry is given, such as Arthur H. Plaisted, The Manor and Parish Records of Medmenham, Buckinghamshire [London: Longmans, Green, 1925], pp. 67-69, and Roger S. Thomas, "Geoffrey Pole: A Lancastrian Servant in Wales", in Cylchgrawn Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru (The National Library of Wales Journal), XVII (1972), pp. 277-286, at p. 277, have the descent somewhat wrong.

William Addams Reitwiesner