The Family of James Edward Oglethorpe

by William Addams Reitwiesner

General James Edward Oglethorpe (1696-1785), founder of the colony of Georgia, was a great-great-grandson of Tobie Mathew (1546-1628), Archbishop of York [Dictionary of National Biography (London: Smith, Elder, 1885-1900), vol. XXXVII, p. 60], a son of John Mathew, a merchant of Bristol [The Visitation of Yorkshire ... , edited by Joseph Foster (1875), p. 552]. Archbishop Mathew is said [The Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 under the auspices of The Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (London, 1959), p. 618] to be descended from the Mathew family of Castell y Mynach, while George Thomas Clark, Limbus Patrum Morganiæ et Glamorganiæ [London: Wyman and Sons, 1886], p. 26 says that Morris Mathew of Ross (a cadet of the Castell y Mynach family) was Archbishop Mathew's great-grandfather, without specifying the lineage. Morris Mathew of Ross [Morus Mathew of Rhws] appears in WG2 at Gwaithf. 5 (E4).

In Gen. Oglethorpe's Will, one of his testamentary heirs was his great-great-great-nephew, Carlo Emanuele Prince of Savoy-Carignano (1770-1800), a descendant of one of Oglethorpe's sisters. Carlo Emanuele's grandson, Vittorio Emanuele II, was the first King of the united Italy.

The lines of descent are:
John Mathew m. Eleanor Crofton
.TOBIE MATHEW (1546-1628), Archbishop of York m. Frances Barlow
 .John Mathew m. Jane Southby
 |.Frances Mathew m. Sutton Oglethorpe
 | .Gen Sir THEOPHILUS OGLETHORPE (1650-1702) m. Eleanor Wall
 |  .Eleanor Oglethorpe m. Eugène Marie de Béthisy, Marquis de Mézières
 |  |.Eléonore Eugénie de Bethisy m. Charles de Rohan, Prince de Montauban
 |  | .Louise de Rohan-Montauban m. Charles Louis III Duc de Lorraine-Brienne
 |  |  .Thérèse de Lorraine-Brienne m. Vittorio Amadeo II P di Savoja-Carignano
 |  |   .Carlo Emanuele P di Savoja-Carignano m. Maria Christina Pzssin v Sachsen-Kurland
 |  |    .Carlo Alberto Re di Sardegna m. Maria Theresia EHzgin v Österreich
 |  |     .VITTORIO EMANUELE II Re d'ITALIA (1820-1878)
 |  .JAMES EDWARD OGLETHORPE (1696-1785), founder of Georgia
 .Sir TOBIE MATHEW (1577-1655), courtier

For some more genealogical connections of Gen. Oglethorpe, all through his grandfather Sutton Oglethorpe, see Gary Boyd Roberts, Notable Kin, vol. I [Santa Clarita, Cal.: Carl Boyer 3rd, 1998], pp. 60-67.

Note that none of the statements given in Ralph Thoresby, Ducatus Leodensis [Leeds: Dewhirst, 1816], p. 252 for Archbishop Mathew's ancestry can be identified in WG or WG2 (or anywhere else, for that matter).

William Addams Reitwiesner