The Family of James Edward Oglethorpe
by William Addams Reitwiesner
General James Edward Oglethorpe (1696-1785), founder of the colony of
Georgia, was a great-great-grandson of Tobie Mathew (1546-1628),
Archbishop of York [Dictionary of National Biography
(London: Smith, Elder, 1885-1900), vol. XXXVII, p. 60], a son of
John Mathew, a merchant of Bristol [The Visitation of
Yorkshire ... , edited by Joseph Foster (1875), p. 552].
Archbishop Mathew is said [The Dictionary of Welsh Biography
down to 1940 under the auspices of The Honourable Society of
Cymmrodorion (London, 1959), p. 618] to be descended from the Mathew
family of Castell y Mynach, while George Thomas Clark, Limbus
Patrum Morganiæ et Glamorganiæ [London: Wyman
and Sons, 1886], p. 26 says that Morris Mathew of Ross (a cadet
of the Castell y Mynach family) was Archbishop Mathew's
great-grandfather, without specifying the lineage. Morris Mathew
of Ross [Morus Mathew of Rhws] appears in WG2 at
Gwaithf. 5 (E4).
In Gen. Oglethorpe's Will, one of his testamentary heirs was his
great-great-great-nephew, Carlo Emanuele Prince of Savoy-Carignano
(1770-1800), a descendant of one of Oglethorpe's sisters.
Carlo Emanuele's grandson, Vittorio Emanuele II, was the first
King of the united Italy.
The lines of descent are:
John Mathew m. Eleanor Crofton
.TOBIE MATHEW (1546-1628), Archbishop of York m. Frances Barlow
.John Mathew m. Jane Southby
|.Frances Mathew m. Sutton Oglethorpe
| .Gen Sir THEOPHILUS OGLETHORPE (1650-1702) m. Eleanor Wall
| .Eleanor Oglethorpe m. Eugène Marie de Béthisy, Marquis de Mézières
| |.Eléonore Eugénie de Bethisy m. Charles de Rohan, Prince de Montauban
| | .Louise de Rohan-Montauban m. Charles Louis III Duc de Lorraine-Brienne
| | .Thérèse de Lorraine-Brienne m. Vittorio Amadeo II P di Savoja-Carignano
| | .Carlo Emanuele P di Savoja-Carignano m. Maria Christina Pzssin v Sachsen-Kurland
| | .Carlo Alberto Re di Sardegna m. Maria Theresia EHzgin v Österreich
| | .VITTORIO EMANUELE II Re d'ITALIA (1820-1878)
| .JAMES EDWARD OGLETHORPE (1696-1785), founder of Georgia
.Sir TOBIE MATHEW (1577-1655), courtier
For some more genealogical connections of Gen. Oglethorpe, all through his
grandfather Sutton Oglethorpe, see Gary Boyd Roberts, Notable
Kin, vol. I [Santa Clarita, Cal.: Carl Boyer 3rd, 1998], pp. 60-67.
Note that none of the statements given in Ralph Thoresby,
Ducatus Leodensis [Leeds: Dewhirst, 1816], p. 252 for
Archbishop Mathew's ancestry can be identified in WG
or WG2 (or anywhere else, for that matter).
William Addams Reitwiesner